The Erosion of Civilizations

Book - 2007
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Baker & Taylor
Ranging from ancient times to modern-day environmental threats, a natural and cultural history of soil explains how an elimination of protective vegetation and an exposure to wind and rain causes severe erosion of cultivated soils, how the use and abuse of soil has shaped human history, and the how the rise of organic and no-till farming holds hope for the future.

University of California Press
"From this gritty and compelling state-of-our-earth report comes the inescapable truth that we are nothing if not dirty-minded. A brilliant and essential book."--Roger Swain, science editor of Horticulture magazine

"The relationship between soils and societies has been crucial for humankind for 10,000 years. David Montgomery brings a geomorphologist's eye and a world-historical vision to the subject, showing why it demands our attention."--J.R. McNeill, author of Something New Under the Sun

"In our cyber-charged age, it's easy to forget that all six billion of us stand on the thin skin of the earth. Humanity is agriculture and agriculture is soil, just as it has been for 10,000 years. David Montgomery--a competent digger of dirt and an engaging storyteller--shows how a close look at the soil can reveal a surprising amount about who we are and where we are headed."--Richard Manning, author of Against the Grain: How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization

Dirt, soil, call it what you want—it's everywhere we go. It is the root of our existence, supporting our feet, our farms, our cities. This fascinating yet disquieting book finds, however, that we are running out of dirt, and it's no laughing matter. An engaging natural and cultural history of soil that sweeps from ancient civilizations to modern times, Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations explores the compelling idea that we are—and have long been—using up Earth's soil. Once bare of protective vegetation and exposed to wind and rain, cultivated soils erode bit by bit, slowly enough to be ignored in a single lifetime but fast enough over centuries to limit the lifespan of civilizations. A rich mix of history, archaeology and geology, Dirt traces the role of soil use and abuse in the history of Mesopotamia, Ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, China, European colonialism, Central America, and the American push westward. We see how soil has shaped us and we have shaped soil—as society after society has risen, prospered, and plowed through a natural endowment of fertile dirt. David R. Montgomery sees in the recent rise of organic and no-till farming the hope for a new agricultural revolution that might help us avoid the fate of previous civilizations.

Publisher: Berkeley, Calif. ; London : University of California Press, c2007
ISBN: 9780520258068
Characteristics: xi, 285 p. : ill., maps ; 23 cm


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Mar 27, 2010

The book is titled "Dirt". But its not the kind of dirt that you want to wash off your hands --- in fact, it isn't the kind of dirt you want to wash away at all --- it's much too valuable for that. But the subtitle is "the Erosion of Civilizations" and that is where this book is focused. This book is very readable and not dry and dusty (nudge, nudge, wink, wink) as we might. perhaps, expect. Repeatedly, by examining numerous civilizations in the past, Montgomery makes the point that a civilization is only as viable as the few inches (cms) of top soil within which it is rooted. Soil can be easily destroyed but replenished only very, very slowly.
This book should be of particular interested for those with an interest in Geography, soil studies (obviously), ecology, and Grade 12 World Issues students. Well written with an excellent bibliography.


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