The novel is based on the fundamental theme of the Few and the Many. Greek philosopher Heracleitus had first introduced this theme in Greek literature. Fowles was highly inspired by Heracleitus's work. According to the author, the Few include educated, intelligent, and good. On the other hand, the Many include ignorant and impressionable people who are in much larger numbers. The author once mentioned in an interview that he wanted to explore the pity with the Few have for the Many.--Provided by publisher.